Côté EU, le chaud !
Safran, Dassault, Airbus, Thalés, vont se partager 1,5 milliards en RD !
Noter que Dassault et Airbus sont associés! C'est bien, beaucoup de compétences.
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SAFRAN : France va consacrer EUR1,5md à recherche aéronautique civile
PARIS (Dow Jones)--Le gouvernement français allouera 1,5 milliard d'euros, sur les 35 milliards d'euros du grand emprunt, pour aider au financement de projets de recherche et de technologie dans le secteur de l'aviation civile, a déclaré lundi le secrétaire d'Etat aux Transports Dominique Bussereau.
D. Bussereau a indiqué que 500 millions d'euros seraient consacrés aux investissements de sociétés aéronautiques dans neuf projets destinés à démontrer la viabilité de nouvelles technologies.
Fabrice Brégier, directeur général délégué de l'avionneur européen Airbus et président du comité de pilotage du Conseil stratégique pour la recherche aéronautique civile française, a déclaré à la presse que trois projets de démonstration seraient lancés cette année et que les travaux seraient menés sur une période de cinq à sept ans. L'un de ces projets, co-dirigé par Airbus et Dassault Aviation SA , se concentrera sur l'utilisation de matériaux composites pour produire des parties de fuselage et des ailes d'avion. Un autre, mené par l'équipementier aéronautique Safran SA , portera sur les nouvelles technologies de moteurs pour de prochaines générations d'avions.
Un troisième projet, emmené par le groupe d'électronique de défense Thales SA , se concentrera sur l'avionique modulaire, et notamment sur la manière d'optimiser la trajectoire des appareils afin de réduire leur consommation de carburant.
-David Pearson, Dow Jones Newswires; +33 (0)1 40 17 17 40, firstname.lastname@example.org
Côté USA, le froid, la réaction n'a pas trainé ! Par : U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk
-------------------- L'article Extrait, c'est long -----------------
Trade rep.: U.S. pushing Europe not to subsidize Airbus A350
By AUBREY COHEN
U.S. officials are pushing European governments not to follow through with promises of launch aid to Airbus' A350 XWB program, and the upcoming public release of a World Trade Organization ruling could help move negotiations, U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk said in Seattle Monday.
"We have sent as direct and strong a signal as we possibly can that we think it would do nothing to help us with a resolution of this long-standing conflict if the European Union were to move forward with another round of launch aid," Kirk said after speaking to a forum on U.S. trade with Southeast Asian nations.
The A350 is Airbus' answer to Boeing's composite 787 Dreamliner and will also compete with Boeing's 777.
Kirk could not comment on the contents of the still-confidential ruling, but the WTO panel reportedly found that European launch aid for various Airbus programs amounted to subsidies that violated trade rules.
"All we've ever wanted is to not have government tipping the scales one way or the other by improper subsidies or whatever distorts the market," Kirk said. "I hope that at the end of the day we get some agreement with the European Union on that principal."
Kirk pointed to last year's resolution of a 20-year-old dispute over beef imports into Europe.
"Part of our being able to do that was because the United States, frankly, had taken the European Union to the WTO, held their feet to the fire, had them found to be in violation of their WTO responsibilities, and we had the right at that point to impose retaliatory measures," he said. "If we get to the point in this Airbus case that the panel recommendation comes and the European Union doesn't comply, we'd have that same right here. ... I think we are near a point to where we might have a little more of an incentive for our colleagues to sit down and reason with us."
This stage of the subsidy dispute comes as plane makers in Canada, China, Russia and Brazil are working on larger single-aisle planes, moving into turf now dominated by Boeing's 737 and Airbus A320.
"What I have said to each of (Boeing and Airbus) it is not in their interest to believe that they can continue this dispute forever and not have other competitors come into the market," Kirk said. "The more time and money and expense that they waste beating up on one another, I think they leave themselves vulnerable to a rearguard attack."
Before the forum, Kirk met with Washington business executives and political leaders, including Gov. Chris Gregoire, U.S. Rep. Adam Smith, D-Wash., and U.S. Rep. Dave Reichert, R-Wash.
"We didn't talk specifically about the WTO ruling," Gregoire said after the meeting. "We did talk about WTO and the rules. … It's one thing for us to play by the rules. It's another thing for us to play by the rules and yet the others do not."
The main concerns that Washington executives and elected officials voiced was about self-imposed trade barriers, Gregoire said.
For example, she said: "We have a tax that is placed on imports that are coming into our ports here in Seattle and Tacoma that is not placed, of course, when you would simply go to Vancouver, British Columbia and take that cargo off that ship, put onto a truck and bring it across by land."
Another big trade issue in Washington is respect for intellectual property, given the importance of Microsoft and other software companies.
"We have particular problems with our intellectual property and with the recognition of their value and with their misuse," Former Sen. Slade Gorton, R-Wash., said after a morning meeting that included him, Kirk and trade officials from Southeast Asian nations. "But I think the feeling of all here is that those are best solved through a general dialogue."
Southeast Asian government officials touted their increased efforts to protect intellectual property rights.
"Vietnam is paying special attention to intellectual property," Nguyen Cam Tu, Vietnam's vice minister of industry and trade said, adding, as an example: "Our government has issued a rule that all of our government offices should use authorized software from Microsoft, and we strictly implement this."
Sorasak Pan, Cambodia's secretary of state, noted that his country is working on a memorandum of understanding with Microsoft.
"I hope that it will be finalized soon, in a few months," he said. "It's going to be a good example to other companies."
The U.S. is working with other countries on trying to devise a more global, harmonized standard for intellectual property rights enforcement, while continuing to report each year on the adequacy and effectiveness of trading partners' protection of these rights, Kirk said.
The report has "become a pretty powerful tool for us to kind of get some of our trading partners' attention, to improve their behavior," he said. "For example, last year I elevated Canada to the priority watch list. It's been 14 years we've asked Canada to strengthen some of their patent and copyright protections.
"On the other hand we reached an agreement with Saudi Arabia, they strengthened their regime we removed them from the list. We made exceptional progress with Israel this year in the area of pharmaceuticals."
Many people, even in trade-dependent Washington, see free trade as costing U.S. jobs, officials noted.
Bonne lecture !