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Kuznetsov NK93

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Poncho (Admin)
Whisky Charlie

Kuznetsov NK93

Message par Poncho (Admin) le Sam 12 Déc 2009 - 22:38

Bonsoir,

Quelques mots sur ce moteur atypique, qui s'apparente plus à un turboprpulseur caréné.
Ce moteur est en cours de développement depuis un long moment.



http://motor-s.ru/NK93_en.htm

Et

http://russia-today.ru/2006/no_22/22_economics.htm




СНТК им. Н. Д. Кузнецова

Самарский научно-технический комплекс — поистине уникальное предприятие, имеющее полный производственный цикл, от разработки и конструирования двигателя до его производства. Как шутят в СНТК, “дайте нам кусок руды — и мы сделаем вам готовый к взлету двигатель”.

На счету предприятия много изделий, о которых можно безо всяких натяжек сказать: лучший в своем классе. Созданный в начале 1950-х годов турбовинтовой двигатель “НК-12” — признанный всеми шедевр конструкторской мысли. Он до сих пор поднимает в небо бомбардировщики “Ту-95” стратегической авиации России. Вообще следует отметить, что вся стратегическая авиация России — и “Ту-160”, и “Ту-22М” — летает на двигателях СНТК им. Н. Д. Кузнецова.



“НК-93”
Самый экономичный в мире двигатель



В турбореактивных двигателях “НК-6” конструкторы КБ Н. Д. Кузнецова впервые в мире применили лопатки турбин из монокристаллического сплава титана с никелем, рением и рутением. Они поднимали в небо самолеты “Ил-62” и “Ту-154”. 40 процентов пассажирских перевозок СССР обеспечивалось двигателями КБ Н. Д. Кузнецова. Модификация двигателя “НК-6” — двигатель “НК-86”, снабженный звукопоглощающими панелями, по шумовым параметрам до сих пор удовлетворяет самым строгим требованиям ИКАО.

Последний двигатель СНТК, выполненный “в железе”, — “НК-93”. Хотя разработка “НК-93” началась еще 15 лет назад, его экономические характеристики по сей день лучшие в мире. Удельный расход топлива — 0,49, в то время как у всех остальных — не менее 0,58—0,56. Другими словами, “НК-93” на 20 процентов экономичнее самого экономичного зарубежного аналога. “НК-93” предполагается использовать в самолетах “Ту-330” и новых модификациях “Ил-96”.

Обидно и нелепо другое — разработка “НК-93” была завершена еще пять лет назад, и по плану серийное производство его на Казанском заводе должно было начаться в 2004 году, но из-за отсутствия необходимых средств до сих пор не проведена даже его сертификация.




Que je laisse volontiers traduire




En résumé :



Moteur à double fan contrarotatif et à pales variables (10 devant, 8 derrière)

En aval de ce fan, se trouverait une version modernisée du NK12...



Ce que l'on peut deviner sur cette coupe







Poussée affichée 18 T pour le moment.



Moteur bien mystérieux dont on trace les origines vers 1987 en concurrence du PS90A

A noter que Kuznetsov dispose d'une très large part du marché des turbines à gaz industrielles en russie... de quoi avoir des rentrées régulières.





A suivre


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TRIM2

Re: Kuznetsov NK93

Message par TRIM2 le Dim 13 Déc 2009 - 15:16

Bonjour,

Cet engin, nécessite une airframe à ' ailes hautes'..

Ceci dit, les Sovieto-Russes ont une grande expérience dans ce domaine..

A voir.

TRIM2

jullienaline
Whisky Charlie

Re: Kuznetsov NK93

Message par jullienaline le Dim 13 Déc 2009 - 18:03

Bonjour à tous,

Vous avez raison TRIM2.
Voici une photo de l'engin en essais sous l'aile d'un Il-76.


www.airliners.net/aviation-photos/middle/4/2/4/1255424.jpg" style="width: 640px;height: 451px" alt="" />

http://www.airliners.net/photo/Gromov-Flight-Research/Ilyushin-Il-76LL/1255424/&sid=431b3711ddbe600049f9e1a6afbe171f

Son diamètre serait de 2,90 m (pour le fan, je n'ai pas trouvé tout compris) et sa longueur de 6 m.
A comparer avec, par exemple le PW2000 de la même gamme de poussée. Il fait de 2 m de diamètre et de 3,6 m de long.
C'est environ 50 % en plus pour le NK93 dans les deux dimensions.
A vérifier, mais le D-30, son voisin sur la photo, doit faire environ 1 m de diamètre.

http://jet-engine.net/civtfspec.html

Amicalement


_________________
Jullienaline

Poncho (Admin)
Whisky Charlie

Re: Kuznetsov NK93

Message par Poncho (Admin) le Dim 13 Déc 2009 - 21:23

Bonsoir Trim2, bonsoir Jullienaline
Quelques compléments

Pour le dernier planning facilement accessible

http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2007/09/10/216667/deliveries-of-russias-nk-93-ducted-fan-could-begin-in-2009.html



Deliveries of Russia’s NK-93 ducted fan could begin in 2009
By Max Kingsley-Jones


Two test flights of Russia's NK-93 ducted fan prototype engine have been completed on board an [url=http://www.flightglobal.com/landingpage/ilyushin il-76.html]Ilyushin Il-76[/url] flying test bed, and the engine could be ready for first deliveries in 2009.
The Il-76 made its first flight with the NK-93 installed in the No 2 position on 18 May. During the two flights completed so far, the aerodynamic performance in auto rotating mode has been assessed and it has been established that the engine does not produce an increase in drag. "The first two flights were devoted to assessment of stability and controllability of the test bed with the NK-93 on it," says Sergei Tresvyatsky, general director at Kuznetsov's Scientific and Technical Complex. "Everything went well so far, opening the way for power-on trials."
Tresvyatsky says that "between 12 and 18 months" are needed to complete NK-93 flight testing and development, and the KAPO plant has already prepared tooling. "If everything goes on well, first deliverable NK-93 come off line in 2009," he says.

L'article date de fin 2007.
Le NK93 était toujours présenté sous forme de maquette au MAK2009, cf photo introductive !
Il devrait être livré à partir de cette fin d'année.. mais pas de cellule pouvant le supporter ?

Pour info : temps sur l'aile 7500 h. Durée de vie 15 000 h seulement

Un autre article donne :



At the time of the 1980s competition, Dvigateli NK (then known as Samara) chose a more innovative approach to engine development with its NK-93 shrouded propfan. The objective at the beginning of the project was to develop a 175kN (39,6001b) high-bypass engine for subsonic transport aircraft with high fuel efficiency of 0.49 kg/kgf/h in cruise conditions.

The development of the NK-93 began in 1987, with testing starting in 1989.

The fan engine now under development in ojmara is a 17:l-bypass geared powerplant which features two synchronised counter-rotating integrally shrouded propfans. About 87% of the thrust comes from the propfans, while the gas generator produces the rest. Seven complete test engines have been assembled since 1989. The NK-93's forward propfan rotates clockwise, while the aft propfan rotates counterclockwise. Each is driven by a separate shaft from the powerplant's 22,350kW (30,000hp) planetary gearbox, which has seven satellites.

There have been problems in developing a gearboxof this size with adequate bearing durability, oil distribution and gear-teeth strength. These problems are claimed to have been solved. The planetary gearbox is being designed for a service life of 20,000h, and time between overhauls should be about 7,500h.

By the end of 1994, Samara had accumulated 2,800 test hours, including the tests of the NK-110, the gas-generator prototype, and l,700h of testing on the NK-93 and its components.

The required take-off thrust of 176kN has been achieved with specific fuel consumption of 0.234kg/kgf/h. Turbine-inlet temperatures of 1,700°C have been achieved, along with a mass airflow of 976kg/s, a gas generator pressure ratio of 25:1, a maximum thrust of 200kN, reverse thrust of 37kN and shaft rotation speeds of 1,580RPM; 11.270RPM and 15.480RPM for each of the shafts respectively.

A department head at Dvigateli NK says that, in 1995-6, the NK-93 is to be tested at the barometric chambers of the TsIAM Central Aviation Motors Institute at
Turayevo, to obtain speed-altitude characteristics. After that, the engine may be installed on an Ilyushin 11-76 testbed.

The programme has not received sufficient financial backing from the state budget and is "running on enthusiasm", according to another Dvigateli NK official. The flight tests, initially planned for 1994, have been delayed for three years. One source at Samara says that, technically, he does not see any difficulties in
taking the engine to its production phase, despite finance being provided at a fraction of what is really needed.


http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1995/1995%20-%202253.html

De fait le test sur IL76 a été réalisé... on a les photos...




Gros diamètre n'est ce pas ?

Bonne lecture


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Poncho (Admin)
Whisky Charlie

Re: Kuznetsov NK93

Message par Poncho (Admin) le Mer 4 Mai 2011 - 9:46

Bonjour à tous

Période russe pour moi en ce moment Wink

vieil article

Où l'on apprend le poids de la bête : 7.5 t sous l'aile (nacelle + pylone ?) pour 18t de poussée et son architecture interne.
C'était en 2007 un 3 arbres réducté hydride entre un 3 arbres turbofan classique et un 3 arbres turbopropulseur (PW150, TP400...).
2F - 7IPC - 8 HPC - C - 1 HPT - 1 LPT - 3LPc (ou PT)

Vraiment drôle de bestiole
Plus de 10 exemplaires assemblés

Diamètre: 3 m ce qui correspond au T900 je crois qui pousse presque le double.


http://en.take-off.ru/pdf_to/to07.pdf?bcsi_scan_5F7808CB20FE6836=lQORwOf1NrqZFGPdPR0NnDInSoowAAAA7K9dDA==&bcsi_scan_filename=to07.pdf



The Gromov LII Flight Research Institute (Zhukovsky) has launched flight tests of the advanced 18,000 kgf NK-93 turbopropfan engine featuring the unique shrouded propfan design (in fact, it is a super-high-bypass- ratio turbofan with the reduction gear-driven fan). The engine has been under development since 1990 by the Kuznetsov Scientific and Technical Complex in Samara for use on future derivatives of the Ilyushin Il-96 and Tupolev Tu-204 (Tu-214) airliners and Tu-330 (Tu-204-330) freighter.
The NK-93 was conceived to differ from production turbofans of the same thrust class in the cruising- mode fuel consumption reduced by 10–20%. The calculations suggest that it could equal 0.49 kg/kgf/hr (compare that with the 0.595 kg/kgf/hr of the production PS-90A with the 16,000 kg in the same mode or with 0.546 kg/kgf/hr of the more powerful D-18T with its 23,400 kgf).
The NK-93 has stemmed from the NK-92 super-high-bypass-ratio turbofan programme pursued by Kuznetsov to power the future Ilyushin Il-106 heavylifter with a carrying capacity of 80 t. However, the Il-106 programme stalled at the preliminary design stage in the early 1990s, with the NK-92 grinding to a halt as a result as well. However, a number of its design solutions were used in developing the ‘civilian’ NK-93.
The latter was derived from the engine core of the NK-110 pusher-type propfan engine prototype that had been rig-tested since 1989.
The NK-93 comprises the 2,900 mm diameter SV-92 double-row propfan with rotating blades in the annular channel (contrarotating eight-blade first and 10-blade second rows); seven-stage axial low-pressure compressor; eight-stage high-pressure compressor; annular combustor; single-stage high- and low-pressure turbines, three-stage propfan turbine and non-variable jet nozzle.
The engine has the electronic control system backed up by the hydraulic-mechanic redundancy.
To date, Kuznetsov has made as many as 11 full-scale NK-93 engines, most of which have passed the full cycle of rig tests.
The NK-93’s flight tests on Gromov LII’s Il-76-based flying testbed were to begin several years ago, but the lack of funding has delayed the tests until late last year. A NK-93 prototype (No 10) was prepared for test flights. It had been brought to Gromov LII as far back as 2005 and displayed at the MAKS 2005 air show.
Engine No 9 was prepared as the backup.
For the trials, Gromov LII provided the Il-76LL (c/n 3908, registration No 76492). The aircraft used to fly test mission in support of the PS-90A now powering the Il-96, Tu-204 and Tu-214.
The testbed first flew with the PS-90A on board on 26 December 1986, and logged a total of 188 sorties and about 400 flight hours. The PS-90A test programme over, the Il-76LL was
mothballed in 1994.
Its adaptation to the NK-93 began last year and was completed in December. The NK-93 first flew on its left inboard station on 29 December 2006. The NK-93 was not supposed to start during its first flight, autorotating instead. The next test flight took place on 3 May 2007 with the engine running.
The NK-93’s flying testbed trials slated for about 50 flying hours and aimed at gauging the basic characteristics and testing several modes that cannot be achieved on the test rig. In addition, the flight tests are to shed light on the NK-93’s future. It is known that its development has slipped well behind the schedule, and its large weight and size make it difficult to mount it on low-wing aircraft. The diameter of the NK-93’s nacelle measures
about 3 m – twice as large as the production D-30KP powering the Il-76, 1.5 times larger than the PS-90A’s diameter and 25% larger than the diameter of the most powerful engine in Russia and Ukraine, the D-18T, whose thrust is 30% higher, by the way.
In addition, the NK-93 prototype and its nacelle weigh 7.5 t, so the designers and production engineers will have to do a lot to slash its weight (e.g. through composites introduction)
to enable the engine to rival other designs in the class.
Ensuring an acceptable service life of its powerful reduction gearbox driving its huge propfan is a problem too.
The NK-93’s designers still have their hands full, but they have tocomplete the first stage of the flight trials first. Let us wait and see…


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Re: Kuznetsov NK93

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